Some pests such as spiders, scorpions and snakes are widespread in Amman and all over Jordan. They are pests that come from the external environment and they can enter houses, restaurants, warehouses, factories, offices, companies, hotels, hospitals, schools, universities, banks, and others. .
Bash Services offers specialized treatment designed to effectively and efficiently control and prevent pests from spreading an infection within your house or workplace. Our use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques focuses on finding and treating the source of pests.
Spiders are a diverse group of arthropods found throughout the world. Some species are very small, while others are very large. Although the most common house spiders are harmless, black widow spiders and some brown recluse spiders are very venomous.
Spiders feed on insects, other spiders, and small reptiles. Unlike insects, they have two parts instead of three parts of the body.
These two parts are the head – which contains the eyes, mouth, and legs – and the abdomen. Spiders have four pairs of legs, and eight eyes located on the front of the head, but some spiders have less number of eyes. The arrangement of these eyes is often used to distinguish between different species of spiders. The abdomen contains the reproductive system, respiratory system, glands and spinnerets used for spinning silk.
The easiest way to detect spider infestation is to look for their silk. Check the top corners for any areas that tend to be dark and damp. You may find spider webs around door and window frames, storage areas, and ventilation systems.
Scorpions lay about 4-90 scorpions. First 10-12 days, the young scorpions climb their mother and rest on her back until their exoskeleton hardens. Scorpions live from 3-5 years and some species reach 20 years. Scorpions have a high sensing as they can determine the distance of any attack through their legs and small hair.
Some believe that the color and size of the scorpion is related to the degree of toxicity, but in fact, the toxicity of a scorpion is determined by its type and not by its color and size. There are 18 species of scorpions registered in Jordan, their colors range from black to brown and even blonde. Only five species are considered very poisonous and dangerous to human. The rest of the species carry a danger ranging from very weak to medium. Most scorpions with thick and broad pincers are less toxic than those with thin pincers.
The following scorpion species are listed under the most poisonous scorpion species in Jordan:
- Death Stalker Scorpion: This scorpion has a yellow color and a black collar around its belly from the back. Its length ranges from 6 to 9 cm. This type is the most prevalent in Jordan and the most poisonous.
- The Black Scorpion: This type of scorpion is considered venomous and lives in burrows. It is black, reaches 8 cm in length and has thick segments on the tail.
There are 37 species of snakes in Jordan, 10 of which are poisonous and dangerous on us. Snakes poison damages and destroy red blood cells, and damage the respiratory system, causing internal bleeding around the biting area and in many other areas of the body, which creates blood clots. It causes severe local pain, numbness in the affected organ, with sweating, high blood pressure, dizziness, unresponsiveness of the pupil to light, tissue erosion at biting area, coma, and if first aid is not provided quickly, it ends in death.
To eliminate the danger, poisonous snakes must be distinguished by the following, as they have:
- Triangle head.
- Movable front canines.
- Short tail.
- Cat eye.
The following types of snakes fall under the most poisonous types of snakes in Jordan:
- Walterinnesia aegyptia
The pupil is round, and there are only two small teeth in the jaw behind the canines. The snake color is shiny black. The body is slender, and its length reaches 130 cm. It abounds near the agricultural areas in the eastern desert of Jordan, where it feeds on frogs, and lives in abandoned rodents’ burrows. This snake hissing is similar to a dog’s howl as it raises the upper part of its body and makes these sounds to keep out danger.
- Daboia palaestinae
It is the most dangerous species found in Jordan. It may reach 150 cm in length and weigh about 1500 g. Its head is triangular, and the body color is gray, yellowish red or gray to pale yellowish brown. It lives in oak and pine forests and feeds on rodents mostly. It is usually active at night, and can be found during the day in the early morning hours of spring.
- Echis coloratus
This snake has a triangular head that looks different from the rest of the body, and it has a short tail. The length of the adult snake does not exceed 80 cm and its weight is about 250 grams. This snake has a yellowish-brown, yellowish-gray, or brownish-gray color with square spots or gray and white stripes and may also be reddish-brown or pink in areas with red sandy soil.
It prefers dry land and dry areas, but it is found mostly in the mountainous areas. It feeds on insects, lizards, and rodents. It is found during spring under stones and in summer it hides in burrows or cracks.
- Macrovipera lebetina obtuse
A large snake, its head is triangular, and the tail is short. The color of the back is yellow to light gray and the belly is dark and consists of small dark spots, and there are about 35 stripes. It lives in rocky areas where there are few plants or trees.
- Field’s horned viper
It has oval pupils, and a pale yellowish-brown color, with two rows of about 30 dark spots. The snake may reach 90 cm in length and is classified as a highly dangerous snake. It lives in desert and semi-desert areas among the rocks, and it avoids human habitats.
- Atractaspis engaddensis
It has small eyes, a round pupils, a cylindrical body, and a head attached to the neck. The adult snake is about 90 cm long, shiny black in color and has a gray belly. It feeds on small birds, rodents, and lizards. It lives underground, and it goes out at night in search of its prey.
How to prevent snakes entering your site?
- Cut weeds and shrubs in the home garden, because it can provide snakes a suitable place to hide, and move around freely
- Get rid of wood piles and fertilizer, and do not store them in places near the site.
- Seal the cracks, holes, and pits that snakes can pass through to the house or workplace.
- Get rid of insects and rodents that are a source of food for snakes, by a specialized pest control company.